Result of the MailScanner process, whether it was spam or not.
From-header received by MailScanner.
If mail was marked as spam, this will hold the spamscore.
Date at which the e-mail was sent.
Original Arrival Time
This is a time stamp placed on the message when it first passes through a Microsoft Exchange server.
The type of content that is being sent via mail.
The encoding used to send the message.
Another MIME header, telling MIME-compliant mail programs what type of content to expect in the message.
How the content of the mail should be handled (inline, attachment, ...).
The mailclient or mailing software used to send out the e-mail.
The mailing software that the client has identified himself as.
The priority with which this e-mail was sent.
A custom header, to show the real sender e-mail address.
Microsoft Mail Priority
The priority as entered in Microsoft Mail.
User Agent used to send the e-mail.
Mime OLE software used by the sender.
Is used for associating multiple messages to a similar thread. For example, in Outlook the conversation view would use this information to find messages in one conversation thread.
The Transport Neutral Encapsulation Format is Microsoft Exchange/Outlook specific, used when sending messages formatted as Rich Text Format (RTF).
Informs that the client is ready to send attachments and it also informs whether or not the e-mail contains any attachments. If the e-mail contains attachments the information header X-MS-Has-Attach: will say "yes" after colon.
Usually the original subject, used as the readable version of Thread-Index.
Obviously the choice you have for your internet connection varies depending on numerous factors. In many areas especially in the remoter regions there is little to no option available, so you’re left to take whatever you can. However fortunately in most areas at least of the more developed nations there’s a decent choice of both Internet service providers but also individual plans that they offer.
If you live in a large city in somewhere like the US or the United Kingdom you’ll have the benefit of lots of different options, speeds and prices to choose from. The more competition there is the better the options are likely to be although, being in a rural remote area will also impact this factor significantly.
So if the range is largely dependent on your location then you’d think choosing the right plan would then be fairly straightforward. After all if you can check things like price and speed then it would appear fairly easy to compare and choose the best ones. However this is not always the case and often the consumer will only see a proportion of the available internet plans. This sounds strange but the reality is that most ISPs have two distinct sales departments one for home customers and another for businesses. What’s more these departments will also have two separate offerings as far as internet plans go one for business and one for the home users. However in most cases there’s no issue about which plans you choose whether you have a trading company or not.
Now business plans will for the most part be more expensive than ordinary residential plans. However there is a reason for this and that’s mainly because you’ll find better speeds, lower contention and much more responsive support. You might see similar speeds promised across different plans but usually these will be figures that promise speeds – ‘up to’ a specified range. In reality the business users will consistently see much higher speeds than the residential users simply because less people will be using the same lines.
Remember you don’t need to run a business to invest in a business plan, and sometimes although they look more costly they can often be much better value than the residential offerings. Of course many people now often run part time businesses too, perhaps running a YouTube channel or buying and selling on eBay, Gumtree or Amazon. This may be an even bigger incentive to invest in one of the better business subscriptions to ensure that you maintain access to the internet on a consistent basis.
There are other things to consider though especially if you run some sort of business on the side. One of the considerations is something that many people don;t even consider and that’s the classification of your IP address. With some ISP plans this classification changes depending on which plan you use, so the business customers have business IP addresses and the home users residential ones. This can possibly be important as in some areas, access from a commercial IP address is restricted. For example the media giant Netflix blocks access from any business registered IP addresses in order to block people circumventing their geo-restrictions. You can learn a little bit more about the differences between residential and commercial IP addresses in this site – http://residentialip.net/ and there are many other resources too.
THe issues is that business plans although often faster are focused more on workplace and web hosting. So although speeds can be better there’s often less flexibility for ‘normal web browsing’ mainly because of the commercial IP address.
Many people spend literally thousands of dollars a month on using proxies, a fact that surprises many. After all if you do a quick google search you’ll find lots of lists of free proxies all over the place. Many are listed as being super secure and elite, so why on earth do people spend lots of money on them.
Well firstly, it’s important to remember that anyone who has the vaguest clue about online privacy, anonymity and the risks of cyber crime would never go anywhere near a free proxy server. At best there badly configured proxies accidentally left open by some overworked networked admin somewhere, which means that you’re potentially stealing bandwidth if you use them. At worst, and it’s an increasingly likely scenario the proxy has been left open on purpose in order to steal user credentials like emails, accounts and passwords. It’s not much of a choice really, so you’d be advised to stay well clear of them.
So there is a big market for safe and legitimate proxies for a variety of uses and one of the most popular is buying sneakers from online web retailers. You see all the big retailers of sneakers (trainers in parts of Europe) release limited edition versions of their sneakers which are very much in demand. You can try and buy them online but it’s very difficult to do and you’d have to be very quick and luck to even grab as single pair.
Obviously because they’re scarce and valuable then some people want to get lots of these – there’s an obvious profit opportunity there even if you don’t want to wear them. So how do people get to buy loads of these sneakers online from palces like Supreme, Footlocker and Nike well they basically use software.
Bots Need Residential Sneaker Proxies
There are lots of automated tools and bots which you can configure to attempt to buy these sneakers when they become available. If you get the right set up you can buy loads of these for whatever purpose you like. The software acts like a human purchaser but with infinite patience repeatedly trying to buy the specified sneakers until they are successful. Lots of people buy up loads of these and indeed run successful businesses simply reselling these shoes at inflated prices.
TO maximise their chances they install the software programs on high availability servers with lots of bandwidth. These can be programmed remotely to leap into action as soon as a new release becomes available.
The issue is that obviously the retailers don’t like this and try and block access to all automated efforts to buy the sneakers. They look for things like multiple connections from the same IP addresses and ban these instantly. Which means even if you have your own server if it tries to often to buy the sneakers then it will get banned and the server and software will be unusable. Which is why you’ll also need something else – the best sneaker servers all use.
The solution is to add another layer of protection by utilizing sneaker proxies to hide your location and allow the software or Bot to rotate it’s identity in order to keep running. It’s not difficult to do but the the essential requirement is that these are sneaker proxies with a special configuration.
The first important component which you’ll never get with free proxies is to ensure it has lots of residential IP addresses. These are actually quite hard to get because these addresses are only normally handed out by ISPs to home users. Most online retailers know that people try to hide their locations and often block all non-residential IP addresses automatically. Normal commercial VPN and proxies will have commercial IP addresses so won’t work in this situation. In fact they’re are even services which specialize specific retailers – like Adidas proxies and Supreme Proxies !
This is what makes sneaker proxies so special, they should definitely have residential IP addresses which makes them pretty much undetectable from normal home users. Unfortunately it’s also what makes them so expensive as obtaining, supporting and running these sorts of residential proxies is pretty costly.
There are a few companies around who have managed to obtain and specialize in residential IP proxies but there aren’t many. In our opinion the best and most trusted supplier is a company called Storm Proxies which you can find in the link below.
At the center of this service-oriented economic state are network-based, automated operations. Automated purchases are definitely essentially different than the operations that transpire within the physical world. The moment I stop by the convenience store in order to purchase a snack, I can easily switch money for peanuts. Unless the clerk happens to know me, the transaction is confidential. In contrast, in the service– oriented economy, confidential transactions are scarce, simply because delivering service immediately generally implies that you have so as to know something pertaining to who’s receiving the service, otherwise their names, then at the very least their choices or other attributes.
This identifying data is commonly transmitted digitally, across the network. Inside a service-oriented economy, electronic identity matters. Naturally whenever we talk about the service-oriented economy, we’re not actually merely talking about e-commerce. Take note that my example with the convenience store involved a tiny cash transaction. Nevertheless imagine the identical situation, with the exception of this time around I utilize a debit card, credit card, or check. Throughout any of those scenarios, I’ve invoked a network-based monetary service as part of the overall transaction.
Network-based support services are as pervasive in transactions that take place in the physical world as they are in online interaction and communications. In an automated, network-based service, I have in order to know who you are in order to offer anyone accessibility to my service. Since these particular services are significantly delivered over electronic digital networks, businesses really need trustworthy, safe and secure, and private means for producing, storing, transmitting, and employing digital identities.
Network-based, automatic services are not only delivered to customers, workers, partners, and providers also interact along with the company via services. In a lot of cases, anonymous service is impossible or undesired, and as a consequence, digital identities must be assigned and managed. In addition to determining clients in order to sell them services, business have an increasing need to identify employees, systems, resources, and services in a step-by-step way to create business agility and assure the security of business assets.
This is being made increasingly complicated by the global marketplace and transactions stretching across national boundaries. For example there’s nothing to stop someone from France making digital transactions with a US or UK firm. Normally these can of course be identified by their is a further complication if the individual hides their location perhaps by using something like a UK VPN connection.
Using Digital Identity
Digital identity is generally the lynch pin within every of the activities we have actually just discussed, along with a wide assortment of other activities important to business. For this reason, exactly how your organization manages digital identities will have a great influence on whether you are continuously dealing with issues brought on simply by a lack of attention to taking care of identity, or whether you are exploiting opportunity enabled by a flexible and rational digital identity infrastructure.
HTTP Authentication Since the reverse proxy server masquerades as a Web server, the authentication required by the reverse proxy is Web server authentication. That is, the challenge status code is 401, not 407. See elsewhere in this blog for HTTP authentication, and differences between Web server and proxy server authentication.
Dynamic Content and Reverse Proxying
Dynamic content poses a problem With reverse proxies. If the content is dynamically generated, it cannot be cached efﬁciently. Rather, each request must be forwarded to the origin server. This defeats the benefits of caching in the proxy server, and may in fact impede performance. A common misconception relates to the way CGI scripts are handled. CGI scripts are always executed by the origin server; they are never transferred in their source code/program language form to the proxy server and executed there. Only the result of the CGI execution is passed to the proxy server, and, if marked cacheable, it may be cached by the proxy.
As long as the number of dynamic pages is fairly small compared to the total number of requests, reverse proxying can be beneﬁcial. However you must be especially careful with IP routing particularly if you’re buying IP address like this scenario. If there are many dynamic pages, they may be duplicated on multiple origin servers, and DNS round robin used to distribute the load among them. The static content may still be handled by reverse proxy servers.
Alternatives to Using Reverse Proxies:
There are a couple of alternatives to reverse proxies. One is the 3 05 Use Proxy status code in HTTP/ 1.1 that is intended for redirecting the client [or an intermediate (forward) proxy] that directly connects to the origin server to go through a proxy server. This releases the proxy in question from having to be a reverse proxy, since the client is now aware of the proxy’s existence in between. The 305 status code is intended as a mechanism for associating a one-site—only proxy server that will not be used for anything else. Note that if a (forward) proxy server is already used by the client, the client will not receive the 305 response. Instead, it is intercepted and handled by the last (forward) proxy in the proxy chain (that’s the proxy that attempted a direct connection to the origin server to begin with).
At the time of this writing, the support for the 305 status code is not widespread, either by client software or proxy servers. Once HTTP/1 becomes more widespread, the use of 305 proxy redirection may be viable option to reverse proxying. Another alternative to reverse proxying is to handle replication ~ ‘ server content by other means.
This can be accomplished by a plugin, the Web server, or by copying content between servers by other too such as FTP or secure rdist. At this time, copying content between servers using out-of-band mechanisms is the most common way of ting up large server pools. As reverse proxy server technology advance» may become an easier mechanism for setting up server pools. SUMMARY Reverse proxying provides an alternative to moving the server from ‘ internal network to the ﬁrewall. As the performance of proxy server \ ” ware increases, they may become a viable solution for synchronizing among multiple replicated servers in a large origin server pool.
You might think that VPNs and proxies are just technical tools only useful for geeks and nerds, but that’s not quite the truth. Well it’s partly true but the reality is that a VPN offers something much more than an encrypted connection between two computers.
Although initially the original and primary reason for a VPN to be used is security nowadays it has arguably a more important role – to bypass blocks and filters. You see every single one of us has access to a ‘restricted’ version of the internet. Not one of us has equal access to each other when we’re online. We all use a regionalised version of the internet where some sites are blocked or filtered depending on our locations.
Of course, the extent of these filters varies greatly depending on your location. It’s fair to say that European access is way more extensive than connecting from Thailand , China or Turkey for example. Most countries operate some sort of restrictions, in most democratic nations it normally revolves around criminals sites. However other countries will extend these blocks to include all sorts of political, religious and moral restrictions, for example many gay rights and atheist sites are inaccessible online from Turkey.
A VPN offers the potential to bypass all these blocks and filters with relative ease and you can decide what content you are able to access irrespective of your location. The reason this works is that the VPN stops most content filtering methods from working. There’s another sector of websites that restrict access but these are generally down to copyright or licensing issues. Most large media sites operate these blocking access from countries outside their domestic market.
Which means that many of the best, most informative and interesting sites are restricted to the location they are based in. Sounds crazy doesn’t it – a global network like the internet slowly being segmented and filtered. However not if you have a VPN, all these sites can be available irrespective of your location.
Let’s take an example, perhaps you’re learning French but because you’re based in the USA. Lots of the French and Canadian French TV and educational sites are inaccessible from a US IP address. Same goes for other media sites in different countries, your access is only not restricted to sites based in the USA. However the VPN opens up that access, so you can watch online TV stations in France like M6 Replay or indeed any sites from anywhere – such as BBC iPlayer France!
So studying French, want to practice your vocabulary by watching The Simpsons dubbed into French – then make sure you connect to a VPN server based in France. Want to try out the BBC educational content and programmes switch it to a UK one and so one.
One of the problems with using VPN services is that they are difficult to use with devices other than computers. It’s fairly simple to set up a VPN on a computer, laptop or even on tablets.
However nowadays people use things like Smart TVs and media streamers such as the Roku which are difficult to configure to use VPNs even those simpler ones. This configuration issue lies at the heart of the puzzle – which is the best Smart DNS Vs VPN.
Probably the most common uses for a flash router is to act like a VPN service gateway. As you can see from a fast glance from the many sites which deal with Flash Routers, most encourage using one of the many VPN services and are frequently adding new ones. Subscribing to the VPN service is an extremely beneficial way to get access to unblocked content, so if you’re attempting to see US Netflix in Mexico or see BBC Sport on your Roku, employing a subscription service like Identity Cloaker, IPVanish or similar with your router will definitely a fantastic option.
Nevertheless, a VPN service isn’t the only way to unblock popular streaming video & music content. While utilizing a VPN support with your router can permit you to unblock content on devices such as Roku and Apple Television that may Usually not be flashed for VPN usage, you will find other services that could be utilized. The most outstanding is the, easy Smart DNS. Should I Be Using A VPN service or a Smart DNS Router Setup? Smart DNS is a protocol which may be utilized to re route traffic required for determining your geographical location.
Nevertheless, unlike a VPN, Smart DNS doesn’t provide encryption or conceal your IP address. The VPN service creates a tube which change or mask your IP to do it look you’re accessing the website from another location. Smart DNS works like more of a trick, by changing your DNS so sites think you’re qualified to access their content. The reason why SmartD NS differs enormously from a VPN with a better user rate is that it doesn’t require traveling through a remote server location. So a Smart DNS router configuration gives you a number Of the benefits a VPN service may provide without the possible disadvantage of slower speeds from heavy VPNs encryption.
Using SmartDNS is really hard to beat for ease and setup, particularly when utilizing a router upgraded with increased DD WRT firmware. When this Smart DNS router setup is complete, all system that runs throughout The FlashRouter will be using SmartDNS. So with one setup, all devices device on your network like Roku 3, AppleTV, iPads, iPhones may All access SmartDNS enabled content with no person setup. One installment and you’re ready to go!.
Like many websites particularly those in the media sector, the French TV site M6 Replay is only accessible from domestic connections. If you access from inside France then you’ll have no problem at all but if you are in a different country and try to access M6 Replay then you’ll get blocked from most of the video streams.
These sites often block access or filter their content for a variety of reasons. Much of it is to do with copyright issues, that their programmes are only licensed for a specific country or region. Other reasons are usually focused on maximizing profit by selling broadcasting rights separately to other organisations or media companies. If you access any media site in any country you’ll normally find that the functionality is restricted primarily to it’s home market.
The method for enforcing these restrictions are however usually very similar and involve determining the location of the connection. This is normally done by looking up the IP address of the incoming connection and looking up the country of origin. These can be determined from vast databases which map all registered IP addresses to their corresponding countries. So a connection from Canada would be mapped to a Canadian IP address and so on.
This is the standard method for controlling, filtering and restricting access – often known as geotargeting or geoblocking. It means that in order to bypass these blocks and gain access to these sites irrespective of your actual location then you need to gain some control of your IP address. Unfortunately it’s not actually possible to change your address as this is allocated directly from the ISP where connect to the internet. These are always locked to the specific country, so you’ll get the address based on the country you’re connecting from.
There is a method though which can unlock any website irrespective of your location – here’s a demonstration:
As you can see the way to bypass these checks is to hide your real IP address by using an intermediate server to route the connection. So to access the M6 Replay site from outside France you need to relay your connection through a French proxy server.
As long as the server is configured properly then the website will only see the IP address of the proxy server and not the actual client. Developments in this areas have included the use of VPN (Virtual private Networks) which are even more difficult to detect than proxies. Furthermore the VPN connection is encrypted so it’s more secure than using a simple proxy server.
So what is a proxy, well the definition actually changes slightly depending on who you are talking to. The origin of the term goes back to the beginning of the web in around 1990 when proxy servers were actually referred to as ‘gateways’. These were simply devices which forwarded packets between different networks, sometimes even converting the different protocols that were being used.
However a simple up to date definition could be as follows:
A proxy server is a computer or system that acts as an intermediary between a client and a server.
They have all sorts of uses within corporate networks but in reality their real popularity has come outside that from ordinary computer users. You see the proxy sits between the computer you are using and the server you are contacting. It relays all information between the two sides and effectively protects the anonymity of the client computer.
This is the main benefit of using a proxy in this context, the proxy hides your location, your computer and identity from the web server you are using.
So Why all Secret Squirrel? UK Proxy Buy or Not?
Most proxy users aren’t looking for total anonymity (although some are), but people have been using proxies for years in order to bypass the various blocks and filters that exist online. For example one of the most popular uses of a proxy server was in order to access British TV Online and blocked media sites such as the BBC iPlayer or Hulu.
The BBC’s wonderful website and application is only accessible if you’re physically located in the United Kingdom – everyone else get’s blocked. However if you connect through a UK proxy first, then the BBC website only sees the location of the proxy and allows access.
It is how millions of people across the world could watch the BBC News or Match of the Day from outside the United Kingdom. As long as their proxy server was located in the UK, their actual location didn’t matter. Exactly the same situation from US sites like Hulu, to access from outside the USA you needed to channel your connection through a proxy server based in the United States.
So does a UK Proxy Unlock Every UK TV site?
Unfortunately no, in fact the reality is that nowadays a proxy is pretty much useless as far as bypassing geographical blocks. The reason is that the inbound connection from a proxy server is actually fairly easy to detect which is what most large scale media sites do. If they detect a connection from a proxy server then access is blocked automatically.
Here’s a example of the message you get when trying to access Netflix through a proxy, it simply won’t let you use the site.
The reality is that there’s little point in buying a UK proxy or indeed one based anywhere in the world. They can still obscure your identity a little, and they stop every website you visit being logged at your ISP but for watching UK TV you need something else.
That something else is a UK VPN service, which in many ways operates in a very similar way. A VPN is a virtual private network connection between your computer and a VPN server. Exactly like a proxy this server acts as an intermediary between you and the web resource you’re trying to access – relaying information both ways. Yet there are important differences, firstly the entire connection is encrypted which means that no-one can access or intercept your data at any point. The second is that a VPN connection is virtually impossible to detect, so none of the media sites are able to block or disconnect the connection.
Here we can see one such VPN service in action, it’s called Identity Cloaker.
As you can see it’s quite straight forward especially on a computer or laptop. You merely click on the country you require and it establishes a connection to that specific VPN server. From that point any website you connect to will only the address of the VPN server not yours, which means that you can access whatever you like irrespective of your location.
Literally millions of people use these VPN services now to bypass blocks and filters of all descriptions. Some use them to bypass state controlled filters such as in China and Turkey where the internet is heavily censored. While many others simply use them to access things like UK or US television, or to switch the version of Netflix they are using.
If you want to try the VPN service illustrated here, which is one of the few that still works with all the British TV sites it’s called Identity Cloaker.
Depending on the environment and the purpose of a proxy then protocol verification is not always necessary. Indeed this was mostly ignored by earlier proxies and gateways as information was simply tunneled through transparently. Nowadays though there is normally some requirement to identify the protocol being transmitted through the proxy server.
Generic (circuit-level) tunneling, such as SOCKS and (SSL) tunneling, allows any protocol to be passed through the proxy server gateway. This implies that the proxy server does not necessarily understand the protocol and cannot verify what is happening at the protocol level. For example, the SSL tunneling protocol, despite its name, can tunnel /my TCP-based protocol, for example the telnet protocol.
A short-term solution to this is to allow only well-known ports to be tunneled, such as 445 for HTTPS, 563 for SNEWS, and 636 for secure LDAP. See Table 7-1 on page 135 for a list of well-known Web-related protocol ports. A longer-term solution is to be provided by proxy servers that verify the spoken protocol. More intelligence will need to be built into proxy servers to understand even protocols that are merely tunneled, not proxied. This enables proxies to notice misuse, such as exploiting the SSL tunneling to establish a telnet session.
Note that protocols that are proxied at the application level by the proxy server, such as HTTP, FTP, and Gopher, cannot be exploited as above because no direct “tunnel” is established through the proxy server. Instead, the proxy will fully re-perform the request on behalf of the client and then pass the response back. This is important as it may be necessary for the function to be completed properly. For example it’s common now to stream multimedia or video through the servers and these need to function on the specific ports. You won’t be able to access many things either if you’re using datacenter proxies and IPs plus without some sort of protocol verification taking place.
This ensures that the protocol is a legitimately allowed protocol. ‘ However, the Gopher protocol, or rather Gopher URLs, can be used to fool the proxy to make requests using other protocols by crafting special malicious URLs that convert to the language used by some other protocol.
Common Security Holes in Server Software can be read about on this blog and particularly there are Trojan horses disguised as Gopher URLs. If limiting to well-known ports is not acceptable (there are a number of servers out there running on non-standard ports), it is recommended to at least [9106/e ports that deﬁnitely should not be allowed an SSL tunnel to. Among these are ports known to be dedicated for other purposes, such as the telnet and SMTP ports (23, 25, respectively). Some proxy server software may in fact have a built-in ﬁlter for these ports and automatically disallow Gopher requests to them.